[Drbd-dev] WARNING: CPU: 5 PID: 8321 at block/blk-core.c:172 blk_status_to_errno+0x1a/0x30

Lars Ellenberg lars.ellenberg at linbit.com
Mon Jun 11 16:22:58 CEST 2018

On Mon, Jun 11, 2018 at 01:02:26PM +0200, Wolfgang Walter wrote:
> After switching from 4.9.102 to 4.14.48 I got the following warning:
> [204738.619214] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [204738.619225] WARNING: CPU: 5 PID: 8321 at block/blk-core.c:172 blk_status_to_errno+0x1a/0x30
> [204738.619354] Call Trace:
> [204738.619366]  drbd_request_endio+0x5d/0x280 [drbd]

This is the same issue as was found and reported on 30 April 2018 by
Sarah Newman [PATCH] drbd: avoid use-after-free in drbd_request_endio
I was under the impression that she'd push for upstream inclusion of the fix.
Apparently not, so we'll have to followup with upstream ourselves.

It is broken since 4246a0b 2015-07 (during the v4.3 release cycle),
which changed:
-       req->private_bio = ERR_PTR(error);
+       req->private_bio = ERR_PTR(bio->bi_error);

which is an access after (potential) free,
because req->private_bio == bio (before the assignment).

That later changed to
 req->private_bio = ERR_PTR(blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status));

Which now "sometimes" catches the access-after-free
with its WARN_ON_ONCE(idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(blk_errors));

In the DRBD driver upstream (our development happens out-of-tree),
we don't have this, but still use an on-stack "status" variable.
The effect of this (potential) access-after-free is invisible,
unless you run your kernel with "CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC".
This is why this was never catched.

I think the correct fix would be:

diff --git a/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_worker.c b/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_worker.c
index 1476cb3439f4..5e793dd7adfb 100644
--- a/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_worker.c
+++ b/drivers/block/drbd/drbd_worker.c
@@ -282,8 +282,8 @@ void drbd_request_endio(struct bio *bio)
 		what = COMPLETED_OK;
-	bio_put(req->private_bio);
 	req->private_bio = ERR_PTR(blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status));
+	bio_put(bio);
 	/* not req_mod(), we need irqsave here! */
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&device->resource->req_lock, flags);

The behaviour without that patch is effectively identical to the
behaviour with this patch, though sometimes in multiple failure
scenarios (both local disk failure AND replication / remote IO errors)
we might give back an "EIO" instead of a more specific error, if such
more specific error had been handed to us in the first place.

: Lars Ellenberg
: LINBIT | Keeping the Digital World Running
: DRBD -- Heartbeat -- Corosync -- Pacemaker
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